Common Teaching Strategies for Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion Classroom Work

Social Justice Education Principles
Creating an Inclusive Learning Environment
  • Utilize entry activities for immediate participation
  • Be transparent about expectations and the human purpose of social justice education
  • Establish group norms and expectations
  • Share ownership of knowledge with all students
Help Students Acknowledge Their Multiple Positionalities
  • Have students acknowledge their various and intersectional positionalities
  • Have students identify their dominant and subordinate statuses
Balance Emotional & Cognitive Dimensions
  • Have students metacognitively reflect on their social experiences using social justice concepts
  • Include opportunities for social perspective taking
  • Utilize small-group discussions, peer panels, caucus groups, concentric circles, fish bowls, etc. to encourage self-reflection, analysis, active listening and communication, and action planning
  • Intervene when group norms are violated
Draw on Student Expertise
  • Establish personal relevance by borrowing from the students’ knowledge, experiences, and personal narratives to facilitate a positive attitude toward social justice learning
  • Use the intergroup dynamics in the classroom to illustrate and discuss social justice content
  • Encourage students to make choices in content and assessment methods based on their experiences, values, needs, and strengths
Encourage Active Engagement & Collaboration
  • Utilize fishbowls, common group or concentric circles, five faces, gallery walks, etc. to encourage students to engage actively with the issues and one another
  • Create challenging and thought-provoking learning experiences inclusive of students’ perspectives and values
Foster & Evaluate Personal Awareness
  • Utilize self-reflection to assess growth in personal awareness
  • Develop rubrics to measure acquisition of knowledge and skills
  • Include multiple methods through which students can demonstrate learning
  • Have students develop action plans for change

Finding a preferred framework for engaging with challenging topics